## Objective

Create a `factorial()`

function to compute the factorial of a given integer.

## Description

The ** factorial** of an integer ::n:: is the product of all integers starting from that integer all the way down to ::1::.

In terms of a function, it could be expressed as follows:

For instance:

::1! = 1::

::2! = 2 \times 1 = 2::

::3! = 3 \times 2 \times 1 = 6::

::4! = 4 \times 3 \times 2 \times 1 = 24::

::5! = 5 \times 4 \times 3 \times 2 \times 1 = 120::

::0!:: is a special case — it evaluates to ::1::.

In this exercise, you have to create a function ** factorial()** that takes in an integer and returns its factorial.

The function **MUST** compute the factorial iteratively i.e. using a `for`

(or maybe `while`

) loop. In addition to this, if the given argument to `factorial()`

is not an integer, the function should return the string `'Undefined'`

.

Shown below are a couple of examples of the function's usage:

```
<?php
echo factorial(10), "\n";
echo factorial(5), "\n";
echo factorial(2), "\n";
echo factorial(0), "\n";
echo factorial('0'), "\n";
```

## New file

Inside the directory you created for this course on PHP, create a new folder called **Exercise-6-Iterative-Factorial** and put the .php solution files for this exercise within it.

## Solution

To start with, let's decide exactly what we need in order to implement the `factorial()`

function:

- First of all, we need to have single parameter that represents the number whose factorial to compute. Let's call this parameter
.`$n`

- Secondly, we'll have to use the
`is_int()`

function to check whether the passed-in argument is an integer. - We'll also need to lay out an
`if`

conditional to check for the case when`$n`

is`0`

(i.e ::0!::) and return`1`

in that case. - Lastly, we'll need a
`for`

loop to iterate as many times as the integer`$n`

and compute the factorial of`$n`

.

*And well, this is it.*

All this is implemented in the code below:

```
<?php
function factorial($n) {
if (!is_int($n)) {
return 'Undefined';
}
if ($n == 0) {
return 1;
}
$result = 1;
for ($a = 2; $a <= $n; $a++) {
$result *= $a;
}
return $result;
}
```

If `!is_int($n)`

returns `true`

, that means that `is_int()`

returned `false`

, which in turn means that the given argument was not an integer, and hence we return `'Undefined'`

.

Moving on, if `$n`

is `0`

, we return `1`

directly.

Finally, if none of these conditions is met, we continue with our factorial computing loop. The `for`

loop iterates `$a`

from `2`

up to, and including, the integer `$n`

, and in each iteration multiplies `$result`

with `$a`

.

Finally, we return the computed `$result`

.

*And this completes our exercise.*